Diagnosis and Specialized Morphology
Species of Reduviinae are primarily recognized by the absence of characters found in other reduviids (Schuh & Slater 1995). Some characters used in recognizing reduviines include:
1) ocelli present usually
2) absence of a discal cell in hemelytron
3) 3-segmented tarsi
4) presence of fossula spongiosa and fore and middle legs
Taxonomic history for this subfamily is being reviewed.
At least 140 genera have been described in this widely distributed subfamily. Most species are nocturnal and believed to be generalist predators on insects and other arthropods (Schuh & Slater 1995). Some species live in animal burrows (e.g., Reduvius spp.) [Schuh & Slater 1995]. One species, Reduvius personatus (Linnaeus), is closely associated with humans (Schuh & Slater 1995).
Schuh, R.T., Slater, J.A. 1995. True Bugs of the World (Hemiptera: Heteroptera): Classification and Natural History. Comstock Pub. Associates, Ithaca. 336 pp.