Diagnosis and Specialized Morphology
Species of Stenopodainae are characterized by:
- large pentagonal or hexagonal cell on corium and with 2 adjacent cells on membrane
- antenniferous tubercles sometimes produced strongly anteriorly
- antennal scapus elongate and well-developed with remaining segments slender and folded back against scapus
Taxonomic history for this subfamily is being reviewed.
About 110 genera of Stenopodainae have been described, and most occur in the tropics (Schuh & Slater 1995). Most species are found on soil, often covered with soil or sand (Schuh & Slater 1995). Male specimens are more commonly collected a lights than females, suggesting that species may be nocturnal although no direct evidence is known (Schuh & Slater 1995).
Schuh, R.T., Slater, J.A. 1995. True Bugs of the World (Hemiptera: Heteroptera): Classification and Natural History. Comstock Pub. Associates, Ithaca. 336 pp.